[164] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone III region,[165] which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter magnitude scale may be expected. [412], Every February, Mumbai holds derby races at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse. Zing a popular Bollywood gossip channel is also based out of Mumbai. It is situated between latitudes 18054’ and 19018’ North and longitudes 70047’ and 73000’ East. [191] Despite competition from Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune, Mumbai has carved a niche for itself in the information technology industry. The Bandra-Worli Sea Link bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, links the island city to the western suburbs. It sits on Salsette Island (Sashti Island), which it partially shares with the Thane district. [citation needed] Jews settled in Bombay during the 18th century. [89], The Mughal Empire, founded in 1526, was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent during the mid-16th century. [201] As of 2008[update], the Globalization and World Cities Study Group (GaWC) has ranked Mumbai as an "Alpha world city", third in its categories of Global cities. [160] The eastern coast of Salsette Island is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity, while the western coast is mostly sandy and rocky. The greater Mumbai metropolitan area – comprising the “Mumbai suburban district” as well as the cities of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi, and Kalyan – is home for 21,5 million people. [167] The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. The Portuguese Franciscans and Jesuits built several churches in the city, prominent being the St. Michael's Church at Mahim (1534),[93] St. John the Baptist Church at Andheri (1579),[94] St. Andrew's Church at Bandra (1580),[95] and Gloria Church at Byculla (1632). [347][349] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[350][351] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. NSE Gainer-Large Cap . Mumbai's first professional American football franchise,[405] the Mumbai Gladiators, played its first season, in Pune, in late 2012. [236] It is operated by the Central Railway and Western Railway zones of the Indian Railways. [114], From 1782 onwards, the city was reshaped with large-scale civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the seven islands of Bombay into a single amalgamated mass by way of a causeway called the Hornby Vellard, which was completed by 1784. The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. [132], The following decades saw massive expansion of the city and its suburbs. Marathi dailies enjoy the maximum readership share in the city and the top Marathi language newspapers are Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal. first 50 years, and became a strong base for the Indian independence movement during the 20th century. [163] Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone owing to the presence of 23 fault lines in the vicinity. [231] The tenure of the mayor, deputy mayor, and municipal commissioner is two and a half years. Mumbai and London are the only two cities to have hosted both a World Cup final and the final of an ICC Champions Trophy which was played at the Brabourne Stadium in 2006.[401]. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. [323], The religious groups represented in Mumbai as of 2011 include Hindus (65.99%), Muslims (20.65%), Buddhists (4.85%), Jains (4.10%), Christians (3.27%) and Sikhs (0.49%). [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. [290][291], About 700 million litres of water, out of a daily supply of 3500 million litres, is lost by way of water thefts, illegal connections and leakages, per day in Mumbai. According to the treaty, the Seven Islands of Bombay, the nearby strategic town of Bassein and its dependencies were offered to the Portuguese. [204], It is administered by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) (sometimes referred to as the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation), formerly known as the Bombay Municipal Corporation (BMC). It was a dirtier Diwali this year in Mumbai. [263] The Mumbai–Chennai and Mumbai–Delhi prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral system of National Highways start from the city. [130] Maharashtra State with Bombay as its capital was formed with the merger of Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, eight districts from Central Provinces and Berar, five districts from Hyderabad State, and numerous princely states enclosed between them. km.) [216], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. [388] In April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first U.S.-India joint EMBA program alongside Washington University in St. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway was the first expressway built in India. [53] This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra. Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. Marg 400 036. Mumbai consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district and Mumbai Suburban district, which form two separate revenue districts of Maharashtra. [135] Mumbai's defunct cotton mills have since become the focus of intense redevelopment. [152] The MCGM is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the metropolis. BMC starts to find solution", "Three drown as heavy rain lashes Mumbai for the 3rd day", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Station: Mumbai (Colaba) Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India", "Normals Data: Bombay/Colaba - India Latitude: 18.90°N Longitude: 72.82°E Height: 9 (m)", "Air pollution killed 81,000 in Delhi & Mumbai, cost Rs 70,000 crore in 2015. [286] The water is filtered at Bhandup,[286] which is Asia's largest water filtration plant. [238] Trains are overcrowded during peak hours, with nine-car trains of rated capacity 1,700 passengers, actually carrying around 4,500 passengers at peak hours. The term had been in use for quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. Occasionally, north-east monsoon showers occur in October and November. Mumbai's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music, and theatres. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. ... Navi Mumbai. ", "3 Mumbaikars Who Are Changing The City All By Themselves", "What about Gateway of India, Banganga Tank? [232], Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Monorail, Metro, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black-and-yellow meter taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries. Ghansoli 400 701. [187], Mumbai is India's largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.16% of the total GDP. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. [220] Other parties such as Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and several independent candidates also contest elections in the city. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) are Mumbai's major financial centres. [82] The Pathare Prabhus, among the earliest known settlers of the city, were brought to Mahikawati from Saurashtra in Gujarat around 1298 by Bhimdev. ", "Soon, computer-aided training for MSRTC drivers", "MSRTC to make long distance travel easier", "NNMT gains from BEST's plan to discontinue AC bus services", "TMT rakes in moolah on new AC bus routes", Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world 1993, "Traffic claims Mumbai darshan hot spots", "Bus Routes Under Bus Rapid Transit System", "7 Questions You Wanted to Ask About the Mumbai Metro", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "India's first international-class expressway is just a month away", "NHAI starts work on Rs 6,672 cr expressway", "MSRDC – Project – Bandra Worli Sea Link", Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation, "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets – Mumbai – DNA", "Mumbai's five gateways may become toll-free", "Only 10 public transport services for every 90 private vehicles in Mumbai", "28,000 more autos to run riot on MMR streets", "Statistics: Mumbai International Airport Limited", "Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA)- Masterplan", "With maiden Air India flight, T2 opens to public", "Work on Navi Mumbai airport may start next year", "It will be years before Mumbai surmounts its water crisis", "RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT-2005 INFORMATION BOOKLET", "Water contamination complaints double, Bhandup hit hard", "Make way for Mulund, Mumbai's newest hotspot", "Country's first water tunnel to come up in Mumbai", "Now, a toll-free helpline to check water leakage, theft", "To curb power theft, Maharashtra explores underground supply network across state", "Cooking gas cylinders to be sold at petrol pumps", "Piped gas becomes more attractive for the kitchen", "Reliance Offers BlackBerry in India, Vies With Bharti", "Internet surfers: Mumbai scores, Bangalore falls", "Mumbai's entrance -the 'Gateway' to be more tourist-friendly", "Is the world's weirdest property market strangling the city that hosts it? [370] Studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for most movie sets. Andheri (West) 400 058. On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed the islands in possession of the English Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles. Greater Mumbai accounts for most of Mumbai's territory. 0 1 4 0 6@sb i.co. [242], Mumbai is the headquarters of two zones of the Indian Railways: the Central Railway (CR) headquartered at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), and the Western Railway (WR) headquartered at Churchgate. [31][145][188] It serves as an economic hub of India, contributing 10% of factory employment, 25% of industrial output, 33% of income tax collections, 60% of customs duty collections, 20% of central excise tax collections, 40% of India's foreign trade and ₹40 billion (US$560 million) in corporate taxes. [194], State and central government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. Mcdowell's Derby is also held in February at the Turf Club in Mumbai. Bollywood, the Hindi film industry based in Mumbai, produces around 150–200 films every year. The Central Pollution Control Board for the Government of India and the Consulate General of the United States, Mumbai monitor and publicly share real-time air quality data. Pre-monsoon showers are received in May. "[55] Slate also said "The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region. It scored 3.5 on 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.[208]. [142] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries.

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