The self-governing, self-reliant colony was first governed by John Winthrop and organized under principles laid out by John Cotton. About. The local officials claimed to own the territory, although it … The Massachusetts Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Massachusetts Colony The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The Puritans wanted to purify the church of England, however, after years of persecution, they opted to found a new colony and start fresh. In 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Company had obtained from King Charles I a charter empowering the company to trade and colonize in New England between the Charles and Merrimack rivers. Thomas Dudley. The Puritans, another religious group seeking freedom from the crown, founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 on what is now Boston. The group were members of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which was a joint stock trading company that formed in 1628 to trade furs and fish from New England. Massachusetts Bay Colony Facts: The Beginning Massachusetts was established by the Puritans in 1629. Massachusetts . United States presidents that were born in Massachusetts include John Adams, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, and George Herbert Walker Bush. Facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony inform the readers with an English settlement in North America. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a settlement established by the English along the east coast of North America during the seventeenth century; it is the area which is known as present-day Boston along with parts of Salem. The Puritans were much different from the … It is believed that at … The Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628–1691), more formally The Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay.The lands of the settlement were in southern New England, with initial settlements on two natural harbors and … It was established nearby the Massachusetts Bay in 17th century. Founded: 1630 by John Winthrop and others, at Massachusetts Bay Major Industry: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding) Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord. Boston was made the capital in 1632. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Massachusetts's coast is jagged. Thomas Dudley. Massachusetts means 'at the great hill', or 'large hill place'. The grant was similar to that of the Virginia Company in 1609, the patentees being joint proprietors with rights of ownership and government. Increasing estrangement between the colony and England resulted in the annulment of the company’s charter in 1684 and the substitution of royal government under a new charter granted in 1691. Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in Holyoke, Massachusetts. See more ideas about Massachusetts bay colony, Massachusetts, Colonial america. Connecticut Colony was one of the original 13 colonies in America. The Puritan penchant for simpler dress had begun before their departure for America. In addition, Puritans believed that churchgoers should read the Bible for themselves, and thus the education of children was required. Well-known battles that took place in the Massachusetts Colony include the Battle of Lexington, and the Battle of Concord. Colony Named for: Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place") The settlement they started in America was called the Massachusetts Bay Colony. By moving the Massachusetts Bay Company’s General Court from England to America, the Puritans converted it from an instrument of the company to a legislative and administrative assembly free from royal oversight. Official pressure was also applied on religious dissenters, notably the Pilgrims and the Puritans. The other industries in the colony were livestock products, whiskey, beer, rum, horses, maple syrups, furs and timber products. Natural resources in the Massachusetts Colony included forests (timber), furs, fish, whales, and some farming. Anti-Federalists also expressed fears—here touches of class conflict certainly arose—that the new government would fall into the hands of merchants and men of money. It was the fifth colony. John Winthrop and Deputy Gov. 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